Periodontal Disease is the term used to describe a range of conditions that affect the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. It results from bacterial growth and associated toxin production.
Periodontal Disease can affect one or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque causes the gum to become inflamed.
Beside plaque there are other factors which can affect the health of your gums. These include:
- tobacco smoking
- systemic diseases such as diabetes
- some medication such as steroids, antiepilepsy and cancer therapy drugs
- crooked teeth
- defective fillings
- bruxism (grinding of your teeth)
Gum Diseases are classified according to the severity of the disease. The two major stages are Gingivitis and Periodontitis.